A fire elitist cellular automaton-based model to verify pedestrian flow simulated in real environments using Arduino

Danielli A. Lima, Edson Cabral Jr, Iago T. R. Almeida, João P. Andrade, João P. S. Fonseca, Maria E. R. Santos, Nayara T. Nunes, Victor H. X. Bernardes


Safety in crowded environments needs attention by public authorities. If the structure of an environment offers danger when a crowd tries to escape in time of an accident, there is always the risk of someone getting hurt. Computational models and simulations from these abstractions are important for determine the confidence level and security of a building structure. The application of cellular automata in the computational simulation is justified by their high powerful parallel computational tool. The main objective of this paper is the proposition of a cellular automata based model for the pedestrian evacuation in the fire environments. The proposed mathematical model was compared to a real simulation using an Arduino control for counting the pedestrian evacuation time. The comparison between the proposed model and its precursor shows that our model best mimics the real evacuation simulation, because of the non-deterministic parameter that was added herein2.


Cellular Automata, Simulation Model, Fire Propagation, Evacuation.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5540/03.2020.007.01.0338


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