Structural and shape optimization in aerodynamic airfoil performance: literature review

Juan Manuel De Egea J., Diego P. Pinto Roa, Christian E. Schaerer


Aerodynamic airfoil performance has been subject to research from the beginning of aviation itself. Oversimplifying, airfoil shape generates the lift and drag forces, and the goal of airfoil design consists in to minimize the drag force (under certain conditions) while achieving an appropriate lift without massive flow separation (boundary layer shedding) fulfilling possible limitations on the lifting force, pitching moment, and structural requirements.[...]

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A. Arias-Montaño, Carlos A. Coello, and E. Mezura-Montes. “Multi-Objective Airfoil Shape Optimization Using a Multiple-Surrogate Approach”. In: IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence (2012).

Ernesto Benini, Rita Ponza, and Massaro Andrea. “High-Lift Multi-Element Airfoil Shape and Setting Using Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithms”. In: Journal of Aircraft 48 (2011), pp. 683–696.

Paolo Bettini et al. “Composite chiral structures for morphing airfoils: Numerical analyses and development of a manufacturing process”. In: Composites: Part B 41 (2010), pp. 103– 147.

Pierluigi Della Vecchia, Elia Daniele, and Egidio D’Amato. “An airfoil shape optimization technique coupling PARSEC parameterization and evolutionary algorithm”. In: Aerospace Science and Technology 32 (2013), pp. 103–110.

Mark Drela and Michael B. Giles. “Viscous-Inviscid Analysis of Transonic and Low Reynolds Number Airfoils”. In: AIAA 10 (1987), pp. 1347–1355.

George S. Dulikravich. “Aerodynamics Shape Design and Optimization; Status and Trends”. In: Journal of aircraft 6 (1992), pp. 1020–1026.

Zachary J. Grey and Paul G. Constantine. “Active Subspaces of Airfoil Shape Parameterizations”. In: AIAA 5 (2018), pp. 2003–2017.

Li Haipeng, Jason Stewar, and Richard S. Figliola. “Exergy Based Design Methodology for Airfoil Shape Optimization and Wing Analysis”. In: 26th International Congress of the Aeronautical Sciences (2006), pp. 01–11.

Rubén Izembrandt et al. “Differential Evolutionary Algorithms for Airfoil Shape Design”. In: Conference of Computational Interdisciplinary Science (2019).

James M. Lacasse and Oktay Baysal. “Shape Optimization of Single and Two-Element Airfoils on Multiblock Grids”. In: AIAA 6 (1994), pp. 01–09.

Yu-Tai Lee, Vineet Ahuja, and Michael Ever. “Shape Optimization of a Multi-Element Foil Using an Evolutionary Algorithms”. In: Journal of Fluids Engineering (2010), pp. 051401- 1–051401-9.

Hongda Li and Haisong Ang. “Preliminary airfoil design of an innovative adaptive variable camber compliant wing”. In: Journal of Vibroengineering 3 (2016), pp. 1861–1873.

D. Lopez, C. Angulo, and L. Macareno. “An improved meshing method for shape optimization of aerodynamic profiles using genetic algorithms”. In: International journal for numerical methods in fluids 56 (2008), pp. 1383–1389.

Tuba Majid and Bruce W. Jo. “Status and Challenges on Design and Implementation of Camber Morphing Mechanisms”. In: International Journal of Aerospace Engineering (2021), pp. 01–14.

G. Zhenghon and W. Chao. “Aerodynamic shape design methods for aircraft:status and trends”. In: Acata Aerodynamica Sinica (2017).


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